Freedom of Religion or Belief (FoRB)

FoRB Leadership Network takes as its starting point the understanding that the right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief, more commonly referred to as the right to freedom of religion or belief (FoRB), is a fundamental right of every human being.

Freedom of religion or belief is enshrined in Articles 18 of both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which should be read in the light of the UN Human Rights Committee’s General Comment n°22.

Under international law, Freedom of Religion or Belief (FoRB) has two components:

(a) The freedom to have or not to have or adopt (which includes the right to change) a religion or belief of one’s choice, and

(b) The freedom to manifest one’s religion or belief, individually or in community with others, in public or private, through worship, observance, practice and teaching.

It is important to note that the protection is supplied to individuals rather than to religions themselves.